Robert Mugabe resigns as President of Zimbabwe, ending 37 years of his reign, BBC reported on Tuesday.
A letter from President Mugabe said his decision to resign was voluntary.
“Mugabe’s letter does to mention who is in charge.”
Surprise announcement halted impeachment hearing that had begun against him.
Speaker of Parliament Jacob Mudenda announced at a joint sitting of The House of Assembly and The Senate that a new President would be announced.
He read the resignation letter by President Robert Mugabe to the house.
The resignation of President Robert Mugabe marked the dawn of a new era for Zimbabwe.
Thousands of Zimbabweans poured onto the streets of Zimbabwe, after Mugabe’s resignation was handed in to a joint sitting of the House of Assembly and the Senate.
He has been in power since independence in 1980.
At 93, Mugabe is the world oldest head of state
It is a historic moment in Zimbabwe as people started celebrating on the streets and outside Parliament in the capital Harare following the news of President Mugabe’s resignation.
Defiant Mugabe was expelled as first secretary and president of ZANU-PF on Sunday.
His wife, Grace Mugabe was also dismissed as the Party’s Women’s League Secretary.
ZANU-PF Special Central Committee told Mugabe to step down from his positions as president and first Secretary of the ruling party.
“Mugabe was also told to stand aside as Head of State and Commander in Chief of the Zimbabwe Defence Force, failing which the party will recall him or institute Parliamentary procedures,” said Committee chairman Obert Mpofu.
He was given an extraordinary ultimatum to voluntarily tender his resignation as President of the Republic of Zimbabwe by Midday on Monday.
Shortly after he was fired from ZANU-PF, BBC reported that Mugabe has agreed to step down as President of Zimbabwe and was due to address the nation on a state television tonight [Sunday].
Instead, during his address, he told the nation he would be presiding over the congress [ZANU-PF] at the end of the year.
Commenting about his resignation, Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) said on Tuesday it was also celebrating President Mugabe’s retirement as President of Zimbabwe.
EFF National Spokesperson Mbuyiseni Ndlozi said in a statement his party commended him [Mugabe] for his decision to resign, despite the fact that the Zimbabwe Defense Force had forced a transitional condition on his government.
In essence, said EFF President Mugabe has accepted the democratic outcome of the ZANU-PF Central Committee meeting which overwhelmingly voted for his recall.
“We call on the people of the world to accept the settlement reached by Mugabe and ZANU-PF which includes full immunity for him and his family,” said Ndlozi.
Ndlozi said this was a perfect outcome for peace and stability in Zimbabwe which will allow the citizen of that country to define a post-Mugabe era.
“We call on Zimbabweans never to undo the land program or return the land to the white settler communities. This is one legacy of President Mugabe that must be advanced and protected at all costs,” added Ndlozi.
Democratic Alliance (DA) Leader Mmusi Maimane said Mugabe’s resignation was a victory for the people of Zimbabwe who have suffered greatly under his reign for 37 years.
Therefore said Maimane we [DA] maintain that a fresh mandate was required from the electorate and the people of Zimbabwe must be given the opportunity to go to the polls and elect a new President.
“The only way forward for Zimbabwe is for fresh elections to be held immediately,” said Maimane.
- Zimbabwe’s former vice-president Emmerson Mnangagwa will be sworn in as interim President on Friday.
ZANU-PF chief whip Lovemore Matuke confirms Mnangagwa will serve the remainder of Mugabe’s term until the next general elections to be held on September 2018.
Meanwhile, the Presidency released a statement on Wednesday that President Jacob Zuma will no longer travel to Harare in the Republic of Zimbabwe.
This is after the SADC Organ Troika Plus SADC Chairperson Summit met on Tuesday and took a decision that SADC Chairperson, President Zuma and the Chairperson of the SADC Organ on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation, President Joao Lourenco of Angola should travel to Zimbabwe on Wednesday to assess the situation on behalf of SADC.
“The visit has now been postponed until further notice,” the Presidency said on Wednesday.